Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It’s important to distinguish interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself can be an eyewitness of this event,
  • using the services of documents, where the document means any product carrier containing texts and images.

Kinds of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the characteristics of an individual, then to mirror them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being talked about within the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall be told within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is meeting as being a genre, as being a method of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer additionally the responses associated with the interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of questions associated with researcher is minimized (often they are no after all), during the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally talks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, indicates concerning the exact same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion with this journalist was also interesting to visitors, whilst the opinion regarding the interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks as much or even more in a job interview as an interlocutor, this will be a sign of insufficient qualification.

Types of interviews with respect to the subject. Subject interview

According to the topic, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic interview is the state of things in almost any industry of task. Usually this really is a job interview with a specialist, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist exactly as much as he could be connected with this situation. For instance, a police tells simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. The physician describes simple tips to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis will likely to be on the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on problems that deviate from the meeting topic, nor the personal lifetime of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling regarding the interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there is a parsing associated with topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The interview that is subject utilizing the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero associated with interview that is subject be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This is certainly a given information meeting, one of many news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is to learn as much as possible the important points and information on what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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